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The Chakras

Chakra originates from a Sanskrit word which means wheel.

If you work with chakras you can see the individual primary chakras as
a rotating vortex or a wheel of energy

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The Chakras

What Are The Chakras?

Chakra originates from a Sanskrit word which means wheel. If you work with chakras, you can see the individual primary chakras as a rotating vortex or a wheel of energy, each one relating to the others. The energy spins inwards towards the centre point of that chakra on the front of the body then spins outwards from the back at the same point as the front. There are hundreds of secondary chakras located throughout the body, otherwise known as meridians, which are used for acupuncture but there are seven primary chakra points. Just for your information, the Kundalini is a coil of energy and is fixed at the base of the spinal column. There are references to the word in the Old Testament where there are clues about Moses using the practice and its effects, the burning of the bush is one metaphor. There are numerous, religious metaphors for the process as the serpent energy is raised to the head.

Where Are The Chakras?

They start from the base of the spine, each with its own colour, in a line, moving up the spinal column up through and onto the head on the Kundalini.
Sanskrit name: Muladhara: Base Chakra: Red: Found at the base of the spine this chakra is deeply rooted, it is the grounding force allowing us to connect to the energies of the earth, filling us with empowerment. The adrenal glands and anus are related to the root chakra. In order to function properly and effectively, the root chakra needs to be grounded, without this you are spiritually, emotionally, mentally and physically clumsy. Grounding on a daily basis enhances effective functioning.
Root/Base Chakra stones: Ruby and Red Coral.
Root/Base Chakra foods: Food rich in protein, root vegetables and hot peppery spices.

Sanskrit name: Swadhisthana: Sacral Chakra: Orange: This chakra is found in the lower abdomen and when functioning correctly can help balance the yin-yang. This is where an individual’s creativity is centred, it is also primarily thought of as the centre for the sexual energy. Also connected to the sacral chakra is sexual energy in general, emotions, vitality, reproduction, and fertility. If you are having any difficulties with these areas, then this chakra needs to be unblocked. This can be achieved by physical transmission of rhythmic energy.
Sacral Chakra stones: Tigers Eye, Garnet, Moonstone and Carnelian.
Sacral Chakra foods: Nuts, honey, spices such as vanilla, carob, caraway seeds, sesame seeds, cinnamon and sweet paprika. Sweet fruits such as coconuts, oranges, mangos, melons, strawberries, passion fruit and much more.

Sanskrit name: Manipura: Solar Plexus Chakra: Yellow: This chakra is found in the naval area and is related to our self-esteem. During puberty, the development of the ego is found here. This is where you delve into the self to find your inner balance and boundary point. From here you find who you are and how to control your thoughts and your inner understanding of the physical world. Relating to the digestive system, the solar plexus chakra is associated with action, empowerment, assertiveness and the ego. The life force or chi is found here and if it is not functioning correctly it can lead to you feeling tired, withdrawn and powerless.
Solar Plexus Chakra stones: Citrine, Jasper and Topaz.
Solar Plexus Chakra foods: Carbohydrates, whole foods.

Sanskrit name: Anahata: Heart Chakra: Green or Pink: Found in the heart area, the heart chakra is viewed as the love centre of the energy system. Also associated with fear, love, pain, grief, heartbreak and other emotions intensely felt in this energy centre. This is where the art of positive thinking comes in to play, loving the self and believing in the self is a healthy form of therapy to build on balancing the heart chakra, it is the purest form of healing. Placed where the unconditional love is based, it is a creative and powerful energy often leading and guiding us through unsettled times, it is constantly there and only needs our attention in order to free us from our limitations and fears. Always try not to judge, but understand and accept. Always try to love instead of hate. Maintaining a positive and loving thinking pattern creates a safe happy space for ourselves.
Heart Chakra stones: Rose Quartz and Rhodonite.
Heart Chakra foods: Leafy vegetables, peas, avocados, kiwi fruit, green peppers, green apples, green grapes, and broccoli.

Sanskrit name: Vishuddha: Throat Chakra: Sky Blue: This chakra is found in the throat area at the centre of our voice, the place where we are able to express ourselves, the point of communication. In order to maintain a healthy throat chakra we must express ourselves honestly and openly, telling untruths or deceiving others blocks the throat Chakras by energetically polluting it. It not only violates the ears of the listener but our own bodies and spirits are also harmed. Laryngitis, strep throat and speech impediments are the cause of imbalance caused if we fail to express our true feelings or try to evade our true words. Tell the truth without being harsh, try to be humble, open and receptive. When judgement invades your thoughts, try to look inside and find the truth. When we look inside for the truth, we trust our own initiative.
Throat Chakra stones: Aquamarine, Chrysocolla, Sapphire, Lapis, Sodalite, Lapis Lazuli, and Blue Topaz.
Throat Chakra foods: Blue cabbage, blueberries and eggplant.

Sanskrit name: Anja: Brow Chakra: Indigo: Found on the brow, and also known as the third eye chakra, it is related to our mental calculations and thought process. Through the third eye chakra, we are able to assess our past experiences and our life patterns and put  them all into perspective. Through the third eye chakra we are able to separate fantasy from reality, enabling us to understand what we see physically and mentally. A receptive brow chakra that auric hues and other visual insights are intuited clairvoyantly. This chakra is related to inner vision, imagination and physical abilities. It is also related to the pituitary gland as is a link between the inner and outer world of our being. When the brow chakra is not functioning correctly, there can be problems with headaches and eye tension.
Brow/Third eye Chakra stones: Blue Obsidian, Celestite, Blue Tourmaline, Amethyst, Lavender Quartz, Garnet, and Lepidolite.
Brow/Third eye Chakra foods: Grapes, brinjals and asparagus.

Sanskrit name: Sahasrara: Crown Chakra: Violet or White: Found on the top of the head, when functioning correctly this chakra allows the inner communication between the spiritual nature to take place. Once opened the crown chakra acts as a pathway for the universal life force to enter our bodies, travelling down into the other chakras. Often considered as the lotus flower, its petals are seen as a spiritual awakening, The crown chakra, like a bottomless well, is where intuitive knowledge is drawn from. The crown chakra is related to the pineal gland. When you are able to connect to the Christ consciousness it is said that we are able to release all that is negative,  born from old past negative influences. Our fear turns to courage, and guilt turns to acceptance.

Crown Chakra stones: Golden Beryl, Howlite, Lavender Quartz, Amethyst, Ametrine, and Diamonds.

Crown Chakra foods: Endives, mushrooms, soybeans and olives.

For more information about Liverpool Yoga classes in your local area or to find out about Liverpool Yoga Teacher Training call PR Mohanan on 07791 148410.

Surya Namaskara

Surya Namaskara is usually practiced at sunrise, facing the sun. This exercise activates the endocrine system and the chakras (the vortexes through which vital life energy, or prana, is channelled) helping to build strength and flexibility.

DISCLAIMER Neither The International Shiva Yoga Centre, nor P R Mohanan are liable for any injuries that may occur when trying the Sun Salutation.

This graphic is meant as a guide only. Before beginning any physical activity, you are advised to speak with your doctor and take classes with a qualified teacher and instructor.